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November 9, 2009
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New items in the Staff Library – October 2009

October 31, 2009

Roger Fisher & William Ury – Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In – HD5481.FIS
Don Tapscott – Grown Up Digital: How the Net Generation is Changing Your World – T14.5 TAP
Philip L. Hunsaker & Johanna S. Hunsaker – Managing People – HF5549.HUN
Peter Hobbs – Project Management – HD69.P75.HOB
Andy Bruce & Ken Langdon – Putting Customers First – HF5415.BRU

Roger Fisher & William Ury – Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In – HD5481.FIS

Don Tapscott – Grown Up Digital: How the Net Generation is Changing Your World – T14.5 TAP

Phillip L. Hunsaker & Johanna S. Hunsaker – Managing People – HF5549.HUN

Peter Hobbs – Project Management – HD69.P75.HOB

Andy Bruce & Ken Langdon – Putting Customers First – HF5415.BRU

  • Discover more resources using SOLO NEW! Search tags for ‘stfnew-oct09‘ to find this list in a flash
  • Check availability and place holds using OLIS
  • Find out more about the Staff Library

Tweet like you mean it

October 26, 2009

View more documents from David King.

Just in case you’re wondering, a tweep is a person (peep) who tweets.  See Urban Dictionary for full details.

Internet Librarian International, London, 15-16 October 2009

October 22, 2009
Wordle of #ILI2009 tweets

Wordle of #ILI2009 tweets

Source for Wordle of #ILI2009 tweets

I listened to many speakers and wrote over 3,00o words on my iPhone during the conference.  Here are my highlights:

Opening keynote by Cory Doctorow: Copyright, Copyleft, Privacy, Librarians and Freedom

He described the internet as a dumb, pluripotent network: key feature is its lack of central regulation that private networks have.  This is also the reason why it’s so adaptable – everyone can contribute and develop content and applications

Technological designers are often poor predictors of how technology will be used, e.g. envisioning a 500-channel, increasingly high-resolution universe – in fact the opposite has happened. Early predictors of telecommunications predicted that phones would be used for listening to opera.

Evolution of the phone industry: lawsuits in US established that you could plug anything into your wall – not tied to buying your phone from the telecom company. Novelty phones developed, allowing people to express themselves with their phone despite poorer quality  audio. Next, wireless phones often produced mixed conversations with the people next door using the same brand, but the benefit of not being tied (literally) to the wall socket won out. Then came mobile phones, Skype, international calling cards for public phones (essentially Skype over normal phone line).

All of these phases have had broader uptake than predicted. Customisation, control and individual access are more valuable than quality.  See also HD TV versus YouTube!

Countries have their own rules for telecoms and for internet. For example, Canada can take US broadcast signals and display on cable TV without broadcasters’ permission.  In the US, foreign copyright is not recognised. ‘Yankee’ comes from the Dutch word for ‘pirate’, because they stole a porcelain recipe, which had previously been stolen from Chinese.  US libraries don’t pay authors for lending rights.  And perhaps Scandinavian libraries pay authors too much?

International treaties have begun to harmonise rights for people who create information.  However, these have also destroyed countries’ freedom to adapt to local priorities.  There is no ceiling on exclusive rights. Makes preservation and lending harder, as rules differ.

South Africa has no law to provide for format-shifting for accessibility e..g for Braille.

The Authors’ Guild claims that even making a copy for indexing infringes copyright law – what about search engines? Do they believe the web should go away?

Copying will never get harder. Memory will get cheaper and smaller.

Copyright law behaves as if copying actions only involve corporations. But now everything we do involves copying, on an industrial scale, ironically.

So far, no input from people involved in access – only commercial.  Should this be for the economics minister or culture minister to decide?

DRM (digital rights management) technology. Cryptosystems.  A hidden key within scrambled system can always be broken. Does reverse engineering break the copyright of software?

We can’t even stop spam, let alone copyright infringement, and that’s when people are cooperating with the aim.

Industrial economy not based on building machines, but accessing them.

It used to cost a lot to organise people, but the internet has lowered the coordination cost of doing new things together.  This is great news for everyone who does everything.

IT is the driving force behind business – cutting off internet access is more harmful to society than trying to control copying of films.

Shell is not oil company, it’s IT company that uses IT to move oil – Burma could not shut down Internet during protests because oil had to keep moving.

Three strikes and out for copyright infringement? How is this decided?  By whom?  Who is telling the truth?

Collective punishment is outlawed by the Geneva Convention.   How does this compare with shutting off IP range in response to systematic downloading?  This is not reciprocal either: no suggestion of shutting off entertainment companies for their transgressions.

Daveyp tweets that his tweets are copyright! 3 RT and you’re out!

Text of ACTA is secret.  We know it includes a 3 strikes clause.  Criminal sanctions for non-commercial infringement. Provision to wire-tap the internet to detect – no privacy.  Might even extend to searching hard drives at borders?

When the public are invited to the table, it’s clear that they don’t want this.

Once you buy a book, it’s yours to share, inherit/pass on… Not so with ebooks.  Your are the licensor not the owner.  Destroys the emotional bond with the text.  Terms of licenses override copyright, and licenses also tie readers to software.  Society is sentimentally attached to books. Burning books is symbolic.  The most important part of the experience of reading  a book is knowing that it is property.  Ebook readers animate page turns… But the true experience can only be replicated by ownership.  Cory predicts the destruction of publishing and authorship if books are not owned.

Copyright reflections

Need librarians to contact their MEPs and ensure the copyright issue is kept high on the agenda. Find out who your MEP is here.

It was pointed out that Open Access funding to publish comes from opposite end of uni finances from funding for journal subscriptions: journal subscriptions currently paid from library budgets, but OA publishing fees would come from researchers’ project funding.

Cory’s books are available to download free under Creative Commons (CC) licence from his website.

Copyleft = share-alike under CC.  “Losing the cathedral but gaining the faith” – we used to make buildings that took 3 generations to construct, but now focusing on cheaper, quicker user-generated alternatives.

Earlier this year, Gordon Brown announced access to Internet is a utility (therefore should not be cut off as a sanction), then Peter Mandelson reversed this.

Could fair dealing be expanded to mean what people think it means? – e.g. being allowed to put a cartoon on your blog just like you would be allowed to take it from a newspaper and put it on your wall at work.

Current copyright laws criminalise ordinary behaviour and this undermines public confidence in the law generally.

Learning 1.0, 2.0 and Beyond

Jenny Evans and Lawrence Jones of Imperial College Library ran a Learning 2.0 Programme (similar to 23 Things) in 2008 (again in 2009) and their site has a link to this presentation

There are 130 staff (FTE) at Imperial College Library and 38 took part in 2009. The structure of the Learning 2.0 Programme consisted of one hour a week completely online, weekly drop-ins and three workshops (introduction, multimedia, Second Life).  It was different from 23 Things in that it focused on technology as a whole, with both required and optional exercises (3-4 exercises per week over 10 weeks – many more than 23 Things).  It was part of the structured staff development programme.  Staff were surveyed before and after to assess their levels of confidence in different Web 2.0 areas. Results of the effect of the programme on skill levels – increased in all areas; dramatically in some areas e.g. wikis.

What didn’t work so well

  • Drop out rate
  • Too many passwords to remember?
  • Timing – the programme ran over the summer months so many people on holiday at some point
  • Content balance. Wikis were not very successful because no task was involved – just ‘go and have a look at it’ – needs to be more directed
  • Development time for organisers!  Replying to emails, staffing workshops
  • Hour a week not enough?
  • Lack of commenting on blogs – need to encourage this

What worked well?

  • Enthusiasm of participants
  • Staff now using tools (though the main objective is exposure, not necessarily take-up)
  • Communities developed – mostly extension of existing groups to the web
  • Increased confidence
  • Range of activities and exercises
  • Learning experience for team
  • Discovering technologies and their applications in libraries
  • Participation of senior management (Assistant Director) raised profile of the programme. Management buy-in sent a strong message to other managers

Other resources

Tweet archive

Karen Blakeman’s slideshow

Mariann Løkse’s summary

Mal Booth’s notes on Peter Murray-Rust’s talk

Bernie Folan’s notes

Quotes

Helle Lauridsen: ‘Only Librarians like to search. Everyone else likes to find.

daveyp #ili2009 Forgot to say “It’s better to seek forgiveness than to ask for permission” in my session — would encourage librar* to “just do it”

Broadband is now a legal right in Finland

October 22, 2009

internet_speed_fiber_opticGreat news!  Read the full story at Mashable! and a perspective from Cory Doctorow.

I wonder if this will extend to WiFi one day?  I hope so!

Why should my library use Twitter?

October 22, 2009

Because my readers are! I am trying to put my information where many people can access it, rather than relying on them to come to one channel I’ve decided to stick to.

Follow me: laurajwilkinson

See The Civil Librarian‘s post “Why Should a Library Use Twitter? Because the Customers Are!”.  See also Five worst excuses for not using Twitter and comebacks to these excuses!

10 technologies to increase communication in your organisation

October 22, 2009

Here are the 10 ways – go to the original post to read the detail.

Suddenly it doesn’t look that hard after all: 1, 2, 5 and 9 are pretty quick to get started!

1. Start a blog.

2. Start a Twitter feed.

3. Share your best practices on a wiki.

4. Start an organizational discussion board.

5. Start a Facebook organizational page.

6. Start a YouTube or Vimeo channel.

7. Scrap that old print newsletter.

8. Incorporate social software into your organization.

9. Create a Flickr account to share organizational photos.

10. Begin or maintain an organizational culture that is free and open.

Read the full post here.

See also 10 collaboration tools that aren’t Google Wave

A potted guide to RSS

October 22, 2009
This is a great slideshow telling you what RSS is, why you might use it and how.  It’s only a few minutes long – time well spent:
A Potted Guide to RSS
View more presentations or Upload your own.

New items in the Staff Library – September 2009

October 20, 2009

This month’s list is small but perfectly formed:

Woody Evans – Building Library 3.0: issues in creating a culture of participationHM851.EVA

  • Discover more resources using SOLO NEW! Search tags for ‘stfnew-sept09‘ to find this list in a flash
  • Check availability and place holds using OLIS
  • Find out more about the Staff Library

What is a browser?

October 7, 2009